Excretion – nitrogenous, drugs and toxins
Maintaining blood volume and concentration
- balance of water and dissolved salts
Blood pressure maintenance
Vitamin D effects
*Derived from transversalis fascia
- Hilum – passage area for ureters, vessels, nerves
- Surrounding layers
- renal capsule – innermost, barrier
- Perirenal fat – middle portion, most important because it holds the kidney in position.
- renal fascia – outer portion
- 10cm long, 5cm wide and 2.5cm thick.
- Hilus- medial side.
- Bean shaped appearance.
Three regions of the kidney
- Renal cortex
- Renal medulla
- Renal pelvis
- 10 inches
- 3 anatomical constrictions:*
- prostatic – widest and most dilatable
- membranous – within the urogenital diaphragm
– shortest and least dilatable due to the presence of the sorrounding sphincter urethra
- penile – traverses the bulb of penis and the corpus spongiosum to end at the external urethral meatus
– dilates to form the fossa terminalis within the glans penis
- Is a thin walled tube about 4cm long.
- Embedded in the muscle of the front wall of the vagina.
- Urethral opening.